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Carve Like an Engineer: Halloween Pumpkin Design Advice from NASA's Jet Propulsion Lab
Mewburn, I. 2011, ‘Troubling talk: assembling the PhD candidate’ , Studies In Continuing Education , vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 321-332. (impact factor )
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In Germany, the national government funded the universities and the research programs of the leading professors. It was impossible for professors who were not approved by Berlin to train graduate students . In the United States, by contrast, private universities and state universities alike were independent of the federal government. Independence was high, but funding was low. The breakthrough came from private foundations, which began regularly supporting research in science and history; large corporations sometimes supported engineering programs. The postdoctoral fellowship was established by the Rockefeller Foundation in 1919. Meanwhile, the leading universities, in cooperation with the learned societies, set up a network of scholarly journals. " Publish or perish " became the formula for faculty advancement in the research universities. After World War II, state universities across the country expanded greatly in undergraduate enrollment, and eagerly added research programs leading to masters or doctorate degrees. Their graduate faculties had to have a suitable record of publication and research grants. Late in the 20th century, "publish or perish" became increasingly important in colleges and smaller universities. 
My son Zoltan Dienes followed a somewhat similar career path to mine. He is Professor in Psychology at the University of Sussex, specialising in conscious and unconscious mental processes and philosophy of psychology.
Besides cultivating and deepening my passion for teaching, the faculty, especially my graduate advisor, have provided me the skills necessary to strengthen the intellectual capacities of my own students. I am very excited to begin my career in teaching at the university level.