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More recently the classical school once again garnered a great deal of attention when during the 1970’s the “nothing-works” doctrine became popular. This culminated in the 1975 book by David Fogel wherein he proposed that the purpose of the criminal justice system was to hold individuals both accountable and responsible for their actions (Schmalleger, 2009). This set a course for the American criminal justice system which would eventually lead to the current “get tough on crime” initiatives.
In 1963 16th Street Baptist Church was bombed , killing four African American girls and bringing attention to the need for increased civil rights protection in the United States Legislature.  In 2002, nearly 40 years later, Bobby Frank Cherry was the last person brought to trial for the murder of the four girls. 
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