The fact that the five independent ellipsis mechanisms (and possibly others) can occur in the than -clauses of comparatives has rendered the study of the syntax of comparatives particularly difficult. One is often not sure which ellipsis mechanisms are involved in a given than -clause. One thing is clear, however: the five ellipsis mechanisms illustrated here are distinct from the two ellipsis mechanisms that are unique to comparatives mentioned above (comparative deletion and comparative subdeletion).
Mere phonetic similarity, as between English day and Latin dies (both with the same meaning), has no probative value.  English initial d- does not regularly match Latin d-  —it is not possible to assemble a large set of English and Latin non-borrowed cognates such that English d repeatedly and consistently corresponds to Latin d at the beginning of a word—and whatever sporadic matches can be observed are due either to chance (as in the above example) or to borrowing (for example, Latin diabolus and English devil - both ultimately of Greek origin  ). English and Latin do exhibit a regular correspondence of t- : d-  (where the notation "A : B" means "A corresponds to B"); for example, 
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